Flood for thought: Coastal floods

There are many different types of floods, each being different in the way that they occur, the amount of damage that is caused and the methods used to prevent them. Today we’re going to be looking at the ins and outs of coastal floods. By the end of this blog you’ll be an expert.

What is a coastal flood? Well, this one is quite obvious, a coastal flood, often referred to as a surge flood, occurs in areas that are situated on a coastline of the sea. Surge floods can also happen to anyone located near a large body of open water.

Coastal floods are caused by extreme weather and the inevitable effects that it has on tidal conditions. Often this type of flood is associated with a storm or hurricane, so expect flooding when severe weather conditions are forecast. Coastal areas often have a lot of low lying land which is a huge problem as it provides easy access for floodwater – once a coast floods and water breaches any flood defences the land laying behind the defences are at a very high risk.

Depending on the size and scale of the storm, impacts of coastal flooding can be severe. Loss of life and huge amounts of damage are likely to occur as a result of coastal flooding. If you live in one of these areas you must be prepared to evacuate in extreme circumstances.

Are we to blame for coastal floods? The severity and frequency of coastal floods are directly affected by us. You might be sick of hearing about global warming and how responsible you are but this fact might shock you: The rising sea level that is caused by global warming will double the risk of coastal flooding across the entire world. Climate change alone is causing a rise in world sea levels of around 4mm per year and this will only increase.

If you want to find out more about climate change and your impact on flooding, check out our blog: A climate to die for?

If you have any further questions or photos you’d like to send in, please don’t hesitate to get in touch! Send me an email Kevin@floodsense.co.uk .